Thursday, August 27, 2020

SAT Subject Test Dates 2015 - 2016 How to Choose

SAT Subject Test Dates 2015 - 2016 How to Choose SAT/ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips On the off chance that you’re anticipating applying to profoundly specific schools, you might be required to take a few SAT Subject Tests. Subject Tests are offered nearly the same number of times during the time as the normal SAT. In this article, I’ll experience the dates and enrollment cutoff times and give you arrangements of the subjects that are offered on each date. SAT Subject Test Dates: 2015-16 SAT Subject Tests are offered on five of the six customary SAT test dates coming up during this school year (the standard SAT test date in March won't offer SAT Subject Tests).Here are the dates and enlistment cutoff times: SAT Subject Test Date Typical Registration Deadline Late Registration Deadline November 7, 2015 October 9, 2015 October 27, 2015 December 5, 2015 November 5, 2015 November 23, 2015 January 23, 2016 December 28, 2015 January 12, 2016 May 7, 2016 April 8, 2016 April 26, 2016 June 4, 2016 May 5, 2016 May 25, 2016 Remember that not every single subject test are offered on every one of these dates.This diagram records all the SAT Subject Tests and whether they will be offered on every one of the five test dates during this school year.The most well known tests, similar to Biology and Math 1 and 2, are offered on all dates. Subject Test Nov. 7, 2015 Dec. 5, 2015 Jan. 23, 2016 May 7, 2016 Jun. 4, 2016 Science E/M âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" Science âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" Material science âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" Math 1 âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" Math 2 âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" Writing âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" US History âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" World History âÅ" âÅ" French âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" German âÅ" Spanish âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" Present day Hebrew âÅ" Italian âÅ" Latin âÅ" âÅ" French with Listening âÅ" German with Listening âÅ" Spanish with Listening âÅ" Chinese with Listening âÅ" Japanese with Listening âÅ" Korean with Listening âÅ" Here's another table with an alternate association that may make it simpler for you to see which tests are offered on each date. I just incorporated the subject tests that are offered on certain dates however not all. Science E/M, Chemistry, Physics, Math 1, Math 2, Literature and US History are offered on all test dates, so they are excluded from this graph: Test Date World History French German Spanish Present day Hebrew Italian Latin Nov. 7, 2015 Dec. 5, 2015 âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" Jan. 23, 2016 âÅ" âÅ" May 7, 2016 âÅ" âÅ" Jun. 4, 2016 âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" Test Date French with Listening German with Listening Spanish with Listening Chinese with Listening Japanese with Listening Korean with Listening Nov. 7, 2015 âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" âÅ" Dec. 5, 2015 Jan. 23, 2016 May 7, 2016 Jun. 4, 2016 Which Test Date Should You Choose? In the event that you realize you need to step through subject examinations, it’s essential to design strategically.You should ensure that you step through your subject examinations out on the town that doesn’t strife with other major commitments.Plan on stepping through subject examinations at an a lot prior or later date than the ordinary SAT so you have the opportunity to read for both and don’t end up with low scores on either. May and June are generally acceptable SAT subject test datesbecause they’re toward the finish of the school year, so you will be at your greatest degree of information for the subjects (expecting you took the applicable class this year). Rememberthat you don’t need to hold up until your lesser year to take subject tests.If you take a class sophomore year that straightforwardly relates to one of the subject tests, you can feel free to step through the examination toward the finish of that school year.Taking subject tests while the material is still new in your psyche is the most ideal approach to stay away from extended periods of time of studying.Some tests, in the same way as other of the language tests, are not offered in the spring, so ensure you check that you can step through your picked exam on the date that intrigues you. You ought to likewise take note of that you can take up to three subject tests on one test date (albeit just one listening subject test is permitted per test date).Each subject test is an hour long, so regardless of whether you step through three examinations in a single day you won’t invest as much energy at the test community as you would for the standard SAT. You should not have to step through three exams; the number relies upon the prerequisites of the universities where you plan on applying. Most specific schools just expect understudies to take two subject tests.If you're stepping through two subject exams on one test date, you should attempt to pick them carefully with the goal that they pair well together. For instance, in the event that you have to take Math 2 and math is an extreme subject for you, you ought to pick a subsequent subject test in a territory where you feel increasingly good so you can adjust your feelings of anxiety. Try not to go excessively far down Stress Street or you won't have the option to return to Relaxation Road. Unwinding Road: the name of my presentation surrounding chill collection. What's Next? Is it accurate to say that you are considering what scores you should focus on SAT Subject Tests? Become familiar with what a decent score may mean for you. You may have heard that some SAT Subject Tests are simpler than others. Discover which tests are the most straightforward and why. In case you're stressed over time pressure on subject tests, look at this article portrays the length and arrangement of each test and how you can conquer issues with time. Need some additional assistance preparing for your Subject Tests? We have the business' driving SAT Subject Test prep programs (for all non-language Subject Tests). Worked by Harvard graduates and SAT Subject Test full or 99th %ile scorers, the program learns your qualities and shortcomings through cutting edge measurements, at that point alters your prep program to you with the goal that you get the best prep conceivable. Become familiar with our Subject Test items underneath:

Saturday, August 22, 2020

History Essays For Sale

History Essays For SaleThe UK has a number of universities and colleges that provide history essays for sale. You can find these essays on the internet in a wide range of subjects, including history, modern history, world history, and modern classics. If you are an English major, it might be a good idea to apply for a history essay for sale job.If you are a student who has an interest in studying English literature, there is another option. Writing essays is a skill that is required in a variety of different jobs. There are many companies that offer essay writing and editing services. These companies have a wide range of skills that include English grammar, proofreading, and rewriting.Before applying for an essay writing or editing job, you will want to look over your resume. You should be sure that you have listed all of your past work experiences and included them in your employment history. You should also check out what positions you have held and make sure that they are listed o n your resume. Some employers are actually very specific about the types of careers you may have held before. This can be very helpful to know before you apply for a history essay for sale job.Now that you have everything included in your resume, you should start looking for a job. You can do this through your employer or by applying online. Just make sure that you apply with the same qualifications that you listed on your resume. If you do not list them, then the employer will not be able to see them.Once you have applied for a position, your employer will generally call you for an interview. Make sure that you are prepared. Prepare some questions for the interviewer to ask you during the interview. Make sure that you include your contact information so that you do not forget to answer the questions when you get to the interview. This will help you during the interview process.Essay writing jobs are located everywhere. The best places to apply for an essay writing job are in your c ollege or university. Many colleges and universities offer such positions as part of their studies. You should also be able to find many freelance writers that are available for essays for sale jobs as well. You will want to make sure that you do some research to make sure that you are getting the best possible prices and the best possible deals.Essay writing jobs can be found on the internet as well. There are a number of freelance writers that are willing to write and edit essays for various websites. Make sure that you do some research into these sites as well.Essay writing jobs are usually at the higher end of the market. You will want to make sure that you do some research before you apply for a job. There are many essay writing jobs available, but you should be able to find the one that fits your interests and abilities.

Friday, August 21, 2020

University Essay Samples

University Essay SamplesThe next time you want to write a good essay, think about searching for university essay samples. These are writing guides that were written by professors at colleges and universities all over the world. They provide you with an outline of your essay topics and some useful tips for developing it. If you wish to go back to school and get an advanced degree in something, these can be very helpful.Essay samples are not the same for every student. If you are in college, or even if you are a high school graduate, there will be some things you need to look out for when trying to find some examples. One thing you should remember when reading some sample essays is that they tend to focus on one subject area.This might be the English department or perhaps psychology or another course, but the fact is that they tend to have much more to say about subjects like math or science than they do about a wide range of different topic areas. There are thousands of different subj ects that could be studied in a college. Not only this, but it would also be very useful to find an essay guide that deals with a wide range of topics.This is because it is important to learn how to use different types of essay writing before writing your own essay. These essay guides will give you some of the basics of how to start writing a well-written essay, and this is very important. It is extremely difficult to get an essay of any kind right the first time around if you do not know how to compose it.There are two other things you should remember when looking at university essay guides. The first one is that you need to make sure the essay is of good quality. Some of these are written by people who have little knowledge of the subject matter, and so you should avoid these. If you want to be able to write an essay that stands out, you need to take note of how the professor graded his or her assignments.The second thing to do is to search for a guide that provides you with tips for writing a good essay. This can be a hard task to do because you want to get a guide that will help you produce a great essay, but you also need to realize that there are many different types of guides out there. The best type of guide is one that can provide you with an outline of your essay topics and ideas.These university essay samples are very helpful because they are guides that will make it easier for you to learn how to write a good essay. You will want to check out the university guides that are offered by professors. This way, you can get an idea of what you should expect from the type of guide you choose.University essay samples can be very helpful. These help you to learn the basic outline of an essay, and they can also give you tips for writing a great essay. Make sure you learn about the types of university essays that are out there, and then you can choose the best one that fits your needs.

Monday, May 25, 2020

Driver Distraction Campaign Blind By Tac ( Transport...

Driver Distraction campaign: ‘Blind’ by TAC (Transport Accident Commission) Driver Fatigue campaign: ‘Don’t trust your tired self’ by NSW Centre for Road Safety A. Describe the various strategies used to communicate the message of both campaigns (include the slogans, graphics, statistics, media used). (10 marks) 1 ½ page There has been numerous campaigns to raise awareness and reduce accidents and fatalities including ‘Blind’ by TAC (Transport Accident Commission), ‘Get Your Hand Off It’ by NSW Centre for Road Safety,‘Don’t trust your tired self’ by NSW Centre for Road Safety and ‘Stop Revive Survive’ by NSW Centre for Road Safety which identify and attempt to prevent Driver Distraction and Driver Fatigue. ‘Blind’ by Transport†¦show more content†¦However, as soon as he raises his head, there are three cyclists in front of his vehicle, he swerves right instantly, dodging the cyclists narrowly and the camera pans to his strained face. His phone later sounds with a notification (another common modern distraction for many drivers) and he instinctively peeks at the device. The screen turns black again and a grave sounding voiceover narrates that if the driver is distracted for simply two seconds at 50 kilometres per hour, they’ll travel 27 metres blind. When the driver shifts his focus to the road again, there is a schoolgirl alighting from a school bus and there is insufficient time to brake, the car skids forward, the driver hits the child as she screams and he stares in shock. It ends with the slogan ‘distraction leads to disaster’ to reinforce the idea that an interference with a driver’s attention or line of sight will result in consequences such as car crashes or injury. the TAC icon and State Government Victoria icon also appear on the black and white screen as sponsors. The website states that ‘the average person’s reaction time to an event is 1.8 seconds’ which directly impacts the severity of their injury and possibility of an accident. It takes approximately four seconds before a distracted driver can react. There is

Thursday, May 14, 2020

The Merchant Of Venice Anti Christian Or Anti Semitic

Is Shakespeare’s play The Merchant of Venice anti-Christian or anti-Semitic? How important is religion in â€Å"The Merchant of Venice†? That depends on who you ask and is based on that person’s interpretation of the play. The Merchant of Venice is controversial between whether it is anti-Christian or anti-Semitic and with good reason. Religion has always been a source of controversy; in Shakespeare’s plays, they are no exception but especially so in the play The Merchant of Venice. In ancient times, people established themselves as doctors and tradesmen, Christians as well as Jews. Even though the Jews started to establish themselves in such primary roles, they could not get away from the abundant feeling that was flourishing through Europe of anti-Semitism. The Jews were exposed to malicious harassments, which led to their being evicted in 1290 by Edward I and were able to return in 1655, when Oliver Cromwell approved Jews to come back to London (Rogers, n.d.). Shakespeare wrote this play in 1597 in the middle of the banishment and reinstatement of the Jews. This was used as a timeline to show the history of what was going on at the time of the writing of the ‘Merchant of Venice’ King Edward I and Oliver Cromwell were split in their reasons for banishing and then reinstating the Jews, Edward I’s scapegoat, and Edward I’s motive was partly due to finances. He banned them from usury (money-lending at interest) in 1275. 1278 brought widespread arrests of Jewish men; manyShow MoreRelated Is The Merchant of Venice an Anti-Semitic Play? Essay1491 Words   |  6 PagesIs The Merchant of Venice an Anti-Semitic Play?      Ã‚   The Merchant of Venice features a Jewish character that is abused and slandered by nearly every character in the play. Throughout the play the behavior of these characters seems justified. In this way, The Merchant of Venice appears to be an anti-Semitic play. However, The Merchant of Venice contains several key instances, which can be portrayed in a way that criticizes anti-Semitism. The first instance occurs in Act 1, scene 3 whenRead MoreA Study of Anti-Semitism in The Merchant of Venice Essay1540 Words   |  7 PagesA Study of Anti-Semitism in The Merchant of Venice ‘The Merchant of Venice’ was written by Shakespeare in 1596 and appeals to both audiences of comedy and tragedy. The play features anti-Semitism which is a response to 1500’s Britain as well as other literature of the time. Anti-Semitism is the term used to describe discrimination towards Jews and Judaism. ‘The Merchant of Venice’ has received both positive and negative comments over the centuries and throughout thisRead MoreMerchant Of Venice Anti Semitic Analysis792 Words   |  4 Pagesbe argued that the play Merchant of Venice is anti-semitic, but in reality the characters in the play are the ones who present the prejudices. The characters in the play express their prejudices through their words and actions. The characters in Merchant of Venice say anti-semitic or offensive things to and about characters they have prejudices against and they act differently toward these characters. Though there are many moments in the play where there are anti-semitic actions it is not the playRead MoreDetermining Whether there is a Presence of Anti-Semitism in William Shakespeares The Merchant of Venice893 Words   |  4 PagesDetermining Whether there is a Presence of Anti-Semitism in William Shakespeares The Merchant of Venice It is quite clear when reading The Merchant of Venice that there is a large focus on Shylock being a Jew. This is very prominent in his I am a Jew speech he, the Jewish moneylender, angry and betrayed, rails against the non-Jewish world which torments him. Antonio hath disgraced me, and hindered me half a million, laughed at my losses, mocked at my gains, scorned myRead MoreShakespeare and Anti-Semitism in the Merchant of Venice1489 Words   |  6 PagesAnti-Semitism and the desecration of the Jewish population have been in existence for nearly five thousand years. In the Elizabethan era, a question of anti-Semitism invariably arises. In William Shakespeares The Merchant of Venice, we find that one of the characters is the embodiment and expression of anti-Semitic attitude that is pervasive in Elizabethan society. Anti-Semitism was an intricate part in Shakespeares years. Jews were considered vile and scorned upon. Shakespeare presentsRead MoreAnti-Semitism and Racism in the Merchant of Venice1019 Words   |  5 PagesAnti-Semitism and racism in The Merchant Of Venice. Anti-Semitism and the desecration of the Jewish population have been in existence for nearly five thousand years. In William Shakespeares â€Å"The Merchant of Venice†, we find that one of the characters is the subject and expression of anti-Semitic attitude that is persistent in Elizabethan society. William Shakespeares â€Å"The Merchant of Venice† contains many examples that insult Jewish heritage because they were the minority in London in ShakespeareanRead MoreRacism And Prejudice By William Shakespeare s The Merchant Of Venice Essay1699 Words   |  7 Pagesreligion and what they believe in, however there is racism and prejudice present in the world. William Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice is one of his most controversial plays. Written in the 16th century England, the play poses many questions concerning racial, religious and human differences due to anti-semitism being very common at the time. The story is set in Venice where a merchant named Antonio lived. His poor friend Bassanio wants to charm and marry a lovely, rich girl of Belmont called PortiaRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s The Merchant Of Venice1320 Words   |  6 PagesIn England’s history, the Elizabethan era was notorious for its anti-Semitism. Jews were segregated by being forced to wear a red hat when outside of the ghetto, and were treated as inferior to the rest of the city. William Shakespeare’s play The Merchant of Venice exhibits the prejudicial attitudes of his era. Antonio, a Christian merchant, makes a deal with Shylock, a Jewish moneylender. Shylock uses it as an opportunity to exact revenge by demanding a pound of Antonio’s flesh if he does not meetRead MoreExamples Of Anti-Semitism In The Merchant Of Venice1091 Words   |  5 Pageswith Jewish slurs, anti-Semitic remarks, and no justice for the main Jewish character is, in theory, seen as despicable. After the Holocaust, all J ewish slurs and stereotypes, like calling someone â€Å"dog Jew† or thinking Jews only care about money, have been exiled from moral society. This even applies to pieces of art that were produced pre-Holocaust. However, William Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice is not only read, but taught in schools across the nation. The Merchant of Venice provides the taleRead MoreRacial Discrimination In The Merchant Of Venice1496 Words   |  6 Pagesdiscriminated against Jews extensively. This was most prominent in Venice and England. Jews were forced to live on an island called the Ghetto in Venice and were cruelly oppressed throughout history in the Italian city.. In the 1200s, Jews were banned from England. Finally, they started to come back in the 1600s but had limitations because they were known for their high intelligence compared to the English, as well as in Venice. In Venice they were only allowed to be usurers, or loaners that demand high

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The On Jews And Their Lies - 1425 Words

On Jews and Their Lies is a pretty explicit title for someone who writes That Jesus Christ was Born a Jew in his youth to defend the idea that Jesus was born of the â€Å"seed of Abraham,† that is to say that he was born a Jew (Marius, 1999). Even the title itself: On the Jews and Their Lies, hints at the fact that Luther believes that the Jews are unlikely to convert later in life. He says: First, to set fire to their synagogues or schools. Second, I advise that their houses also be razed and destroyed. Third, I advise that all their prayer books and Talmudic writings, in which such adultery, lies, cursing and blasphemy, are taught, be taken from them. Fourth, I advise that their rabbis be forbidden to teach henceforth on pain of loss of life and limb. Fifth, I advise that safe-conduct on the highways be abolished completely for Jews. Sixth, I advise that ... all cash and treasure of silver and gold be taken from them. Seventh ... Let whomsoever can, throw brimstone and pitch upon them, so much the better ... and if this be not enough, let them be driven like mad dogs from the land (Burston, 2014). These ominous â€Å"commandments† foreshadow and foreground some of what is later to come in Nazi Germany with the reading of these of Luther’s statements, among others, in Protestant churches to incite violence against the Jews. It is no coincidence that Kristallnacht coincides with Luther’s birthday (Burston, 2014). Many Nazis even thought that they were finishing Luther’sShow MoreRelated Anti-Semitism Essay - Martin Luther as Spiritual Icon for Adolf Hitler1172 Words   |  5 PagesThis hatred manifested itself in the frenzy of Nazism and the deaths of six million Jews, the Holocaust as it has come to be known. If someone were to reveal an eight step plan for the removal of Jews from European society, one would readily associate such a plan with Adolf Hitler. One would not, however, think also of Martin Luther, though he himself wrote an essay in 1543 entitled Concerning the Jews and their Lies outlining such a plan. This is not to suggest that Luthe r was akin to Hitler in actionRead MoreThe Film Never Forget You Lie ( 2013 )956 Words   |  4 Pageslives so that the story lives on. They recall parents and children lied to save themselves and others. Furthermore, certain people such as Catholics, Christians and a few extraordinary people became confidants for the Jewish community, lying to save Jews from death. The film covers the emotions of children who survived, their lives inside the walled ghetto and to escaping the gas terrifying chambers of the German concentration camp. This film shows how the lie can be used for positive outcomes fromRead MoreA National Genocide : Why?1109 Words   |  5 Pagesto blame for the many deaths and poor economy that resulted in losing the war, and the Jews were an easy target to blame, the citizens of Germany should have stopped the genocide, because innocent lives were lost, and they should have been more aware of the horrors and tragedies that were happening within their own backyards. Many speculations have been made as to why Hitler and his â€Å"followers† hated the jews enough to murder and slaughter an entire race of them, but many historians can agree thatRead MoreThe Ways We Lie, And Anton Chekhov s The Lady With The Dog Essay1564 Words   |  7 Pagestrust in relationships, and the liar gets stressed in the process of telling lies on top of lies. In Stephanie Ericsson’s â€Å"The Ways We Lie,† and Anton Chekhov’s â€Å"The Lady with the Dog†, the authors show that lying is commonly used for one’s own personal gain. In rare cases people lie in order to help another person or sacrifice themselves for others, for example, when someone is in a survival situation. If someone lies for the sake of helping an individual in a threatening state, it is not for theirRead MoreMein Kampf, By Adolf Hitler883 Words   |  4 Pageswritten by Adolf Hitler. The title Mein Kampf in Germany means my struggle and was published in the s ummer of 1925, followed by his second version in 1927. Mein Kampf was written while he was imprisoned. Four and a Half Years of Struggle against Lies, Stupidity and Cowardice was Hitlers orignally title that he chose. His publisher thought it would have been better to give it a shorter title. Hitler talked about his life and gave ideas of how he would run Germany. He portrayed the Germans as beingRead MoreHow The Nazi s Persecuted The Jews Between 1933-19381395 Words   |  6 PagesNazi’s persecuted the Jews between 1933-1938 This essay is going to discuss the ways in which the Nazi’s persecuted the Jews between the years of 1933 to 1938. Through the rise of Nazism, Nazi beliefs and propaganda, Nuremberg laws and the Kristallnacht in which will be explained in detail, I will provide a knowledge based analysis of pre-war life and the initial lead up to the war. The rise of Nazism Dating back to oldest of human history there was always a hatred for the Jews by others, this hateRead MoreThe Nazis And The Holocaust1385 Words   |  6 PagesJanuary 1933, believed that Germans were â€Å"racially superior† and that Jews, were â€Å"inferior† and were a â€Å"threat† to the German Racial community: this was the idea behind the Holocaust, meaning â€Å"sacrifice by fire†. The Jewish population of Europe stood at over nine million in 1933, most of these Jews lived in countries that the Nazis would soon occupy. By 1945, the Germans and collaborators killed two out of every three European Jews as part of the â€Å"Final Solution†. Hitler strongly believed that everythingRead MoreThe Bitter Truth: A Brief Look at Lying688 Words   |  3 PagesThe Bitter Truth From the moment we learned to speak, our parents taught us that we should be honest. Most people don’t seem to follow this teaching since everyone lies in one way or another. Bella DePaulo, a professor who’s studied the phenomenon of lying, conducted an experiment on one hundred forty-four people. They were instructed to record every lie they told in a journal for a week. Only seven people claimed to have told no lie (â€Å"It’s the Truth†). Honesty is a moral duty, which can only beRead MorePropaganda Is Spreading Of Information1617 Words   |  7 PagesThe information spread through propaganda, can either be negative or positive just as the cause being supported may either be just or unjust. The term has a negative connotation, especially when used in political circles to refer to the rumors and lies politicians tell electorates to turn them against other politicians, governments or so that they end up being voted into office (Trueman). Everyone is sus ceptible to the influence of propaganda. However, its impact is more pronounced among the youthRead MoreThe Holocaust Of The Nazis1383 Words   |  6 PagesJanuary 1933, believed that Germans were â€Å"racially superior† and that Jews, were â€Å"inferior† and were a â€Å"threat† to the German Racial community: this was the idea behind the Holocaust, meaning â€Å"sacrifice by fire†. The Jewish population of Europe stood at over nine million in 1933, most of these Jews lived in countries that the Nazis would soon occupy. By 1945, the Germans and collaborators killed two out of every three European Jews as part of the â€Å"Final Solution†. Hitler strongly believed that everything

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Operation Change the Deformed Smile free essay sample

The Background- What is Cleft Lip amp; Palate Cleft lip and cleft palate are birth defects that occur when a baby’s lip or mouth do not form properly. This defect also affects the nose too. These birth defects together are commonly referred to as â€Å"orofacial clefts† which happen early during pregnancy. A baby can have a cleft lip, a cleft palate, or both1. Every year over 19,000 children in Africa are born with clefts. Though completely treatable, less than half get the treatment they desperately need, and this is often because they are too poor to afford the treatment2. Two major factors that affect people with cleft lip and palate that relate to health disparities include psychosocial factors, and socio-cultural stigmas. Where there are psychosocial factors, most adolescents with cleft deformity have problems relating to self concept, peer relationships and appearance which in turn affect their self-esteem, social skills and interaction. Sometimes, the effect leads to Socio-cultural Stigma where most cannot eat or speak properly, arent allowed to attend school or hold a job. Therefore, they face very difficult lives filled with shame and isolation. In some cultures, being born with a cleft is seen as a curse. For instance in Uganda, Africa, every baby born with a cleft is given the name â€Å"Ajok† which means literally, â€Å"cursed by God. † Some newborns are killed or abandoned right after birth. The Success Story- A bold step can make a difference In 2005 while still living in Africa, I visited Loma Linda University with my wife. We were privileged to be invited to a meeting with Adventist Health International, one of LLU’s global outreach initiatives, and an organization that I worked for in Nigeria for 10 years. At the meeting we were informed that Smile Train (a global charity organization for cleft lip and palate treatment) was exploring the possibility of implementing a huge intervention in Africa but was hesitant because they had received feedback from some reliable sources that the deformity was not prevalent in the continent. As Africans we were shocked by this information at the meeting. My wife who was more enthusiastic volunteered to do more research when we returned to Africa as she was more confident of not only its existence, but wide prevalence as well. That bold step she took made her the pioneer that mobilized and identified healthcare specialists in Africa on behalf of Smile Train, LLU and AHI for a training and strategic planning workshop3. As a result, two Pan African Clefts Lips and Palate Conferences (PACCLIPS) were held in Nigeria in 2006 and 20074. Other national cleft care consortiums were also formed. By 2008, the number of successful surgeries in Africa rose from less than 500 in five years to about 4000 in ten months. Currently, Smile Train records about 12,000 free surgeries per year in Africa5. The Strategy- An instance of cultural competence and system building The secret of Smile Trains success story lies in the participatory community mobilization that was employed from the onset. This was achieved through direct interaction and awareness meetings with traditional institutions and other community networks. We contacted local village heads and social clubs to educate them on the myths and misconceptions about the birth defects which unfortunately was a taboo historically. These in turn helped to pass the new knowledge gained down to the community members. The mobilization became even more acceptable because the surgical services rendered were free. This was intentional because of the socio-economic status of most of the patients. The 2006 and 2007 conferences in Nigeria became the fora to establish a sustainable network of African health care professionals. In 2007 the Pan African Association of Cleft Lip amp; Palate (PAACLIP) was established to sustain this noble course6. Currently, Smile Train Africa has about 122 institutional partners with well over 1,000 special surgeons performing surgeries in designated centers across the continent. Conclusion Smile Trains success story provided great inspiration for me as a business administrator and my wife, who was trained as an attorney. It is one of the key factors that have edged us towards public health and social work as we are involved in today. The humble efforts of 2006 and 2007 continue to encourage us to be catalysts in Africa towards eradicating the wide health and social disparity gap in our continent. Indeed, the knowledge I acquired in the Health Disparity and Cultural Competence class will be useful tools as I prepare better for my future career in Africa. References 1. CDC Birth Defects, Facts about Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate NCBDDD. (n. d. ). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved December 10, 2012, from http://www. cdc. gov/ncbddd/birthdefects/cleftlip. html 2. Smile Train Africa. (n. d. ). Smile Train Africa. Retrieved December 10, 2012, from http://smiletrainafrica. org/about_smile_train_facts. php 3. Thio, P. K. (n. d. ). Today News Today Story. Loma Linda University. Retrieved December 10, 2012, from http://www. llu. edu/news/today/today_story. page? id=428 4. Today News Today Story. (n. d. ). Loma Linda University. Retrieved December 10, 2012, from http://www. llu. edu/news/today/today_story. page? id=1022 5. Smile Train Africa. (n. d. ). Smile Train Africa. Retrieved December 10, 2012, from http://smiletrainafrica. org/ 6. PACCLIP A « Smile Train Stories. (n. d. ). Smile Train Stories. Retrieved December 10, 2012, from http://www. smiletrainorg. wordpress. com/tag/pacclip/